Types of blood components

Types of Blood Components:

Whole Blood

  • Provides all blood components, although clotting factors deteriorate if product is older than 24 hours
  • Must be ABO compatible
  • Comes in 500 mL volumes
  • Give 20 mL/kg in children

Packed Red Blood Cells

  • Elevates HGB levels by 1 g/dl and HCT by 3% per unit
  • Best blood product to rapidly elevate oxygen carrying capacity
  • Must be ABO compatible
  • Comes in 250 mL volumes
  • Give 10 mL/kg in children

Fresh Frozen Plasma

  • The fluid of one unit of human blood that has been frozen solid within six hours of collection to preserve clotting factors
  • Useful for hypovolemia combined with hemorrhage caused by clotting deficiencies
  • Must be ABO compatible
  • Takes 20 minutes to thaw and must be used within 6 hours of thawing

Platelets

  • Does not need to b ABO compatible
  • Used for conditions such as hemophilia , von Willebrand disease , hypofibrinogenemia and factor VIII deficiency
  • Multiple units may be ordered (one unit for every 7-10kg in children)

Cryoprecipitate

  • Prepared from plasma and rich in factor VIII, fibrinogen, von Willebrand factor, and factor XIII.
  • Is frequently given for bleeding disorders such as hemophilia and DIC
  • Must be ABO compatible
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Anna Curran. RN, BSN, PHN

Anna Curran. RN, BSN, PHN
Clinical Nurse Instructor

Emergency Room Registered Nurse
Critical Care Transport Nurse
Clinical Nurse Instructor for LVN and BSN students

Anna began writing extra materials to help her BSN and LVN students with their studies and writing nursing care plans. She takes the topics that the students are learning and expands on them to try to help with their understanding of the nursing process and help nursing students pass the NCLEX exams.

Her experience spans almost 30 years in nursing, starting as an LVN in 1993. She received her RN license in 1997. She has worked in Medical-Surgical, Telemetry, ICU and the ER. She found a passion in the ER and has stayed in this department for 30 years.

She is a clinical instructor for LVN and BSN students and a Emergency Room RN / Critical Care Transport Nurse.

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