Pleural Effusion – Pathophysiology

Pleural Effusion A pleural effusion is an abnormal amount of fluid around the lung. Pleural effusions can result from many medical conditions. Most pleural effusions are not serious by themselves, but some require treatment to avoid problems. Causes of Pleural Effusions The pleura is a thin membrane that lines the surface of the lungs and the inside of the chest […]

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Acidosis and Alkalosis – Pathophysiology

This video is to help understand the difference between Acidosis and Alkalosis. Acidosis Acidosis is excessive blood acidity caused by an overabundance of acid in the blood or a loss of bicarbonate from the blood (metabolic acidosis), or by a buildup of carbon dioxide in the blood that results from poor lung function or slow breathing (respiratory acidosis). Blood acidity […]

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Pneumonia – Pathophysiology

Lungs

Pneumonia ¬†Pathophysiology: Pneumonia is an infection that inflames the air sacs in one or both lungs. It can be bacterial, viral or even fungal. Bacterial pneumonia has a faster onset than viral. Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP) is generally found in persons WHO HAVE NOT recently been in the hospital or other health care facility. Hence, CAP has been acquired out […]

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COPD Chronic Bronchitis and Emphysema – Pathophysiology

Amazon.com Widgets   What is COPD? COPD, or chronic obstructive pulmonary (PULL-mun-ary) disease, is a progressive disease that makes it hard to breathe. “Progressive” means the disease gets worse over time. COPD can cause coughing that produces large amounts of mucus (a slimy substance), wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and other symptoms. Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of […]

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Asthma – Pathophysiology

Amazon.com Widgets What Is Asthma? Asthma (AZ-ma) is a chronic (long-term) lung disease that inflames and narrows the airways. Asthma causes recurring periods of wheezing (a whistling sound when you breathe), chest tightness, shortness of breath, and coughing. The coughing often occurs at night or early in the morning. Asthma affects people of all ages, but it most often starts […]

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