Colon Cancer – Pathophysiology, Podcast, and Nursing Care Plan

Colon cancer

Colon Cancer   Colon cancer attacks the large intestine. If the cancer is seen in the last few inches of the colon, it is referred to as rectal cancer.  It is not uncommon to hear the term colorectal cancer when speaking about colon cancer. Usually colon cancer starts as benign (noncancerous) collections of cells referred to as polyps. As time […]

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Crohn’s Disease Pathophysiology, Podcast, & Nursing Care Plan

intestines

Crohn’s Disease Crohn’s Disease is classified as an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The inflammation caused by Crohn’s disease can cause the patient to have abdominal pain, malnutrition, weight loss, severe diarrhea and even fatigue. Crohn’s can lead to scarring, abscesses, fistulas, and ulcerations in the intestine. It is also characterized by remissions and exacerbation’s. Sign and symptoms of Crohn’s disease: […]

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Cholecystitis – Pathophysiology, Podcast & Nursing Care Plan

Gallstones

What is Cholecystitis:   Cholecystitis is defined as inflammation of the gallbladder. Usually due to a gallstone that blocks the cystic duct. Once the duct is blocked, the bile builds up which will cause irritation and swelling of the gallbladder. This can cause infection.     The other causes include: Tumors Blockage due to scarring or kinking of cystic duct. […]

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Ulcerative Colitis Pathophysiology, Podcast, and Nursing Care Plan

Ulcerative colitis

Ulcerative Colitis Ulcerative colitis is an illness that is characterized by inflammation in the lining of the colon and rectum, Crohn’s disease is a similar condition and both are a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Ulcerative colitis causes chronic ulcers and inflammation in the digestive tract, resulting in poor absorption of nutrients. As the colon becomes swollen (edema), ulcers […]

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Bowel Obstructions – Pathophysiology, Nursing Care Plan, and Podcast

Bowel Obstruction

Bowel Obstruction Bowel obstruction means an intestinal obstruction. On the other hand, we can say that in a bowel obstruction, there is a blockage that prevents the necessary body nutrients and waste products to flow correctly through the gastrointestinal tract. The blockage can happen in the upper portion or the lower portion of the intestine. A tumor or even swelling […]

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Gastritis – Pathophysiology, Podcast, and Nursing Care Plan

Gastrointestinal system

Gastritis Gastritis occurs when the lining of the stomach gets swollen or inflamed. This can occur suddenly, this is called  acute gastritis or if the gastritis occurs slowly, it is called chronic gastritis.  Chronic gastritis can last from weeks to years. Once the stomach lining is inflamed, the lining of the stomach weakens and allows gastric acid to cause damage. […]

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Gastroesophageal reflux disease – GERD Pathophysiology, Podcast and Nursing care plan

GERD

Gastroesophageal reflux – GER Ger occurs when the gastric contents in the stomach back up into the esophagus. It is not uncommon for a person the have GER as it is fairly common. However, when GER occurs more 2x per week, a diagnosis of Gastroesophageal reflux disease may be made. Gastroesophageal reflux disease – GERD GERD occurs when there is […]

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Diverticulitis – Pathophysiology, Podcast, and Nursing care plan

Diverticulitis

Diverticulitis In order to understand diverticulitis, we need to know what diverticulum are. Diverticulum (more than one is called diverticula), is the development in some patients as a protrusion or out-pouching of the inner lining of the intestine. They are usually characterized by a small pouch with a thin neck.  When diverticula are present, the patient is said to have […]

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Atrial Fibrillation – Pathophysiology, Podcast, and Nursing Care Plan

Atrial Fibrillation drawing

Atrial Fibrillation Atrial Fibrillation is described as a quivering or irregular and sometimes fast heart rate. Atrial Fibrillation (Afib) can lead to heart failure, stroke, blood clots, and other complications of the heart. In Afib, the atria ( the hearts upper two chambers) beat irregularly and at a high rate. Afib may be sporadic (come and go) or may become […]

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