Types of blood components

Types of Blood Components:   Whole Blood Provides all blood components, although clotting factors deteriorate if product is older than 24 hours Must be ABO compatible Comes in 500 mL volumes Give 20 mL/kg in children Packed Red Blood Cells Elevates HGB levels by 1 g/dl and HCT by 3% per unit Best blood product to rapidly elevate oxygen carrying […]

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NCLEX exam results for 2014 RN and PN – Exams

The NCLEX exam results are back for 2014. The following is the actual breakdown for the exam:   There are many resources available to help you with your test taking strategies. Take as many NCLEX practice questions  tests as you can.  I would recommend taking the NCLEX as soon as possible as graduation.  Waiting until you feel the perfect time […]

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Intro Septic Shock – Pathophysiology

Sepsis Sepsis is a serious bodywide response to bacteremia or another infection. Septic shock is life-threatening low blood pressure (shock) due to sepsis. Usually, sepsis results from certain bacterial infections, often acquired in a hospital. Having certain conditions, such as a weakened immune system, certain chronic disorders, an artificial joint or heart valve, and certain heart valve abnormalities, increases the […]

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Very basic dosage calculations refresher – Dosage Calcs

    Common Conversion Factors in Medical Dosage Calculations As a healthcare professional, you have to convert patient weights, fluid volumes, medication weights, and more. Conversion math isn’t hard to do as long as you know the basic conversion factors. Here are the most useful ones: Converting lb to kg and kg to lb lb = kg × 2.2 kg […]

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GERD Acid Reflux – Pathophysiology

Definition Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic digestive disease. GERD occurs when stomach acid or, occasionally, stomach content, flows back into your food pipe (esophagus). The backwash (reflux) irritates the lining of your esophagus and causes GERD. Both acid reflux and heartburn are common digestive conditions that many people experience from time to time. When these signs and symptoms […]

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Viral Meningitis – Pathophysiology

Symptoms It’s easy to mistake the early signs and symptoms of meningitis for the flu (influenza). Meningitis signs and symptoms may develop over several hours or over one or two days. The signs and symptoms that may occur in anyone older than age of 2 include: Sudden high fever Severe headache that isn’t easily confused with other types of headache […]

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Acidosis and Alkalosis – Pathophysiology

This video is to help understand the difference between Acidosis and Alkalosis. Acidosis Acidosis is excessive blood acidity caused by an overabundance of acid in the blood or a loss of bicarbonate from the blood (metabolic acidosis), or by a buildup of carbon dioxide in the blood that results from poor lung function or slow breathing (respiratory acidosis). Blood acidity […]

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Aortic Dissection

  Definition An aortic dissection is a serious condition in which the inner layer of the aorta, the large blood vessel branching off the heart, tears. Blood surges through the tear, causing the inner and middle layers of the aorta to separate (dissect). If the blood-filled channel ruptures through the outside aortic wall, aortic dissection is often fatal. Aortic dissection […]

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Congestive Heart Failure Mnemonic

  What is congestive heart failure (CHF)? Heart failure describes the inability or failure of the heart to adequately meet the needs of organs and tissues for oxygen and nutrients. This decrease in cardiac output, the amount of blood that the heart pumps, is not adequate to circulate the blood returning to the heart from the body and lungs, causing […]

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