Normal and Adventitious Lung Sounds tutorial for nursing students

Normal and Adventitious Lung Sounds   What are lung sounds Lungs sounds are the same as breath sounds or respiratory sounds, these sounds can be heard (auscultated) on the anterior (front) and posterior (back) of the patients chest wall using a stethoscope. Normal Breath Sounds Normal lung sounds are classified as bronchial, tracheal, or bronchovesicular. When documenting the lung sounds, […]

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Beta Blockers

Beta Blockers Podcast for Beta blockers Brands and Generics for Beta Blockers, drugs that blocks responses to epinephrine/adrenalin stimulation of beta-adrenergic receptors and results in decreasing heart rate, myocardial contractility and myocardial oxygen demand. Used to treat arrhythmias, angina, hypertension, glaucoma, and migraines.   Beta Blockers:  also known as   beta-adrenergic blocking agents beta antogonists beta adrenergic antagonists Used to decrease […]

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Osteoporosis – Pathophysiology

Osteoporosis   Osteoporosis Definition Osteoporosis causes bones to become weak and brittle — so brittle that a fall or even mild stresses like bending over or coughing can cause a fracture. Osteoporosis-related fractures most commonly occur in the hip, wrist or spine. Bone is living tissue that is constantly being broken down and replaced. Osteoporosis occurs when the creation of […]

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