Peptic Ulcer Disease -Pathophysiology, Podcast, and Care Plan

Peptic Ulcer Disease

Peptic Ulcer Disease (PUD) The term Peptic ulcer disease is given when the  gastric acid in the digestive tract erodes the inner area of the small intestine, pylorus, stomach, or esophagus.  These erosions cause open sores and can become extremely painful and can even bleed. Usually, the mucus lining of the small intestine and stomach can protect against gastric acid.  However, […]

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Gastroesophageal reflux disease – GERD Pathophysiology, Podcast and Nursing care plan

GERD

Gastroesophageal reflux – GER Ger occurs when the gastric contents in the stomach back up into the esophagus. It is not uncommon for a person the have GER as it is fairly common. However, when GER occurs more 2x per week, a diagnosis of Gastroesophageal reflux disease may be made. Gastroesophageal reflux disease – GERD GERD occurs when there is […]

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Pancreatitis – Pathophysiology, Podcast, and Nursing Care Plan

Pancreas

Pancreatitis Pancreatitis is defined as inflammation of the pancreas. The pancreas is a large gland behind the stomach and close to the start of the small intestine called the duodenum.  The pancreas has two functions: Release the hormones glucagon and insulin into the body via the blood stream. Glucagan and insulin are utilized for blood glucose metabolism and regulating how the […]

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Diverticulitis – Pathophysiology, Podcast, and Nursing care plan

Diverticulitis

Diverticulitis In order to understand diverticulitis, we need to know what diverticulum are. Diverticulum (more than one is called diverticula), is the development in some patients as a protrusion or out-pouching of the inner lining of the intestine. They are usually characterized by a small pouch with a thin neck.  When diverticula are present, the patient is said to have […]

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Atrial Fibrillation – Pathophysiology, Podcast, and Nursing Care Plan

Atrial Fibrillation drawing

Atrial Fibrillation Atrial Fibrillation is described as a quivering or irregular and sometimes fast heart rate. Atrial Fibrillation (Afib) can lead to heart failure, stroke, blood clots, and other complications of the heart. In Afib, the atria ( the hearts upper two chambers) beat irregularly and at a high rate. Afib may be sporadic (come and go) or may become […]

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Bell’s Palsy – Pathophysiology, Nursing Care Plan & Podcast

Bell's Palsy

Bell’s Palsy Bells’ Palsy is described as a sudden weakness in the patients facial muscles. The patient will usually exhibit a unilateral facial droop. The cranial nerve that is usually affected is cranial nerve 7. The exact cause of Bell’s Palsy is unknown, but it can occur at any age. Inflammation and swelling of nerves that control muscles on the […]

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Sickle Cell Anemia Pathophysiology, Podcast, and Nursing Care Plan

Sickle cell anemia

Sickle Cell Anemia Sickle cell anemia is a form of anemia that is inherited. In this condition there is not an adequate number of healthy red blood cells to transport enough oxygen to your organs and tissues. Usually, red blood cells are concave in appearance. Because of their shape, the cells are flexible and can move easily through your body […]

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Placenta Previa – Pathophysiology for nurses with podcast and careplan

Placenta Previa

Placenta Previa – Pathophysiology for nurses What is Placenta Previa Placenta previa is when the placenta either partially or completely covers the opening of the cervix of the pregnant patient. Severe bleeding can occur with placenta previa before, during or even after delivery. Oxygen and nutrients are supplied to the fetus by the placenta. The placenta also removes waste products […]

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Ace Inhibitors – Pharmacology for Nurses with podcast

Medications

Ace Inhibitors – Pharmacology for Nurses Ace Inhibitors are also known as Angiotensin-converting enzyme is used to treat conditions such as: Hypertension Migraines Coronary artery disease Heart failure (CHF) Heart Attacks (MI) Some Chronic renal failures Diabetes Scleroderma For exam questions on Ace inhibitors, remember that it is used to:   lower the blood pressure Increase cardiac output by dilating […]

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Cirrhosis of the Liver Podcast and Nursing Care Plan

Cirrhosis

Cirrhosis of the Liver Podcast and Nursing Care Plan What is Cirrhosis Cirrhosis is the result of damage to the liver. Remember that the liver is responsible for taking out harmful substances from the body. When the patient has a liver disease of other liver disorder, this can result in cirrhosis which is a late stage of fibrosis (scarring) of […]

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