Bell’s Palsy – Pathophysiology, Nursing Care Plan & Podcast

Bell's Palsy

Bell’s Palsy Bells’ Palsy is described as a sudden weakness in the patients facial muscles. The patient will usually exhibit a unilateral facial droop. The cranial nerve that is usually affected is cranial nerve 7. The exact cause of Bell’s Palsy is unknown, but it can occur at any age. Inflammation and swelling of nerves that control muscles on the […]

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Concussion – Pathophysiology

Definition: A concussion is a traumatic brain injury that alters the way your brain functions. Effects are usually temporary but can include headaches and problems with concentration, memory, balance and coordination. Although concussions usually are caused by a blow to the head, they can also occur when the head and upper body are violently shaken. These injuries can cause a […]

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What is a Craniotomy and Craniectomy

What is a craniotomy? A craniotomy is the surgical removal of part of the bone from the skull to expose the brain. Specialized tools are used to remove the section of bone called the bone flap. The bone flap is temporarily removed, then replaced after the brain surgery has been performed. Some craniotomy procedures may utilize the guidance of computers […]

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Cerebral Aneurysm – Pathophysiology

  Cerebral Aneurysms What is a cerebral aneurysm? A cerebral aneurysm (also known as an intracranial or intracerebral aneurysm) is a weak or thin spot on a blood vessel in the brain that balloons out and fills with blood. The bulging aneurysm can put pressure on a nerve or surrounding brain tissue. It may also leak or rupture, spilling blood […]

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Viral Meningitis – Pathophysiology

Symptoms It’s easy to mistake the early signs and symptoms of meningitis for the flu (influenza). Meningitis signs and symptoms may develop over several hours or over one or two days. The signs and symptoms that may occur in anyone older than age of 2 include: Sudden high fever Severe headache that isn’t easily confused with other types of headache […]

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Stroke – Pathophysiology

Stroke Overview Stroke is caused by a blocked blood vessel or bleeding in the brain. The signs of a stroke include a sudden severe headache, weakness, numbness, vision problems, confusion, trouble walking or talking, dizziness and slurred speech. A stroke occurs when the blood supply to part of your brain is interrupted or severely reduced, depriving brain tissue of oxygen […]

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