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Gastrointestinal

Peptic Ulcer Disease -Pathophysiology, Podcast, and Care Plan

Peptic Ulcer Disease

Peptic Ulcer Disease (PUD) The term Peptic ulcer disease is given when the  gastric acid in the digestive tract erodes the inner area of the small intestine, pylorus, stomach, or esophagus.  These erosions cause open sores and can become extremely painful and can even bleed. Usually, the mucus lining of the …

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Gastroesophageal reflux disease – GERD Pathophysiology, Podcast and Nursing care plan

GERD

Gastroesophageal reflux – GER Ger occurs when the gastric contents in the stomach back up into the esophagus. It is not uncommon for a person the have GER as it is fairly common. However, when GER occurs more 2x per week, a diagnosis of Gastroesophageal reflux disease may be made. …

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Pancreatitis – Pathophysiology, Podcast, and Nursing Care Plan

Pancreas

Pancreatitis Pancreatitis is defined as inflammation of the pancreas. The pancreas is a large gland behind the stomach and close to the start of the small intestine called the duodenum.  The pancreas has two functions: Release the hormones glucagon and insulin into the body via the blood stream. Glucagan and insulin …

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Diverticulitis – Pathophysiology, Podcast, and Nursing care plan

Diverticulitis

Diverticulitis In order to understand diverticulitis, we need to know what diverticulum are. Diverticulum (more than one is called diverticula), is the development in some patients as a protrusion or out-pouching of the inner lining of the intestine. They are usually characterized by a small pouch with a thin neck. …

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Clostridium difficile aka C. diff review for nurses & nursing students with podcast

clostridium difficile, C. diff

Clostridium difficile aka C. diff review for nurses & nursing students Clostridium difficile (C.diff) is starting to become more and more common in the healthcare facilities. This bacterium causes symptoms that range from diarrhea to life threatening inflammation of the colon. Older patients that are admitted into long term or …

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GERD Acid Reflux – Pathophysiology

Definition Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic digestive disease. GERD occurs when stomach acid or, occasionally, stomach content, flows back into your food pipe (esophagus). The backwash (reflux) irritates the lining of your esophagus and causes GERD. Both acid reflux and heartburn are common digestive conditions that many people …

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