Atrial Fibrillation – Pathophysiology, Podcast, and Nursing Care Plan

Atrial Fibrillation drawing

Atrial Fibrillation Atrial Fibrillation is described as a quivering or irregular and sometimes fast heart rate. Atrial Fibrillation (Afib) can lead to heart failure, stroke, blood clots, and other complications of the heart. In Afib, the atria ( the hearts upper two chambers) beat irregularly and at a high rate. Afib may be sporadic (come and go) or may become […]

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Hypertension Care Plan

Hypertension Hypertension is a sustained elevation of blood pressure. Hypertension is a major contributor to cardiac disease, CVA, and renal failure. There are two types of hypertension, Primary (idiopathic, essential) or secondary. Primary is the most common. Signs and Symptoms: Headache Heart failure CVA or TIA Chest pain Shortness of breath Renal failure Eye damage Aneurysms Nausea Vomiting Blurred vision […]

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Congestive Heart Failure ( CHF) – Nursing Care Plan

Congestive Heart Failure ( CHF) Congestive heart failure (CHF) occurs when the myocardium can not pump effectively enough to meet the body’s needs. Heart failure usually occurs in the damaged left ventricle, however, it may also occur in the right ventricle. In any event, damage to the left ventricle usually occurs first. Signs and Symptoms may include: Fatigue Jugular vein […]

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LVAD General Info – Cardiac

LVAD 101: Anatomy and Physiology [toc] Left ventricular assist device (LVAD)   Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) is implanted under your skin. It helps pump blood from the left ventricle of your heart and on to the rest of your body. A control unit and battery pack are worn outside your body and are connected to the LVAD through a […]

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ACLS Practice – Skills

What is ACLS Certification for Nursing? Nurses who work in critical, urgent, or emergency care units are required to be ACLS certified. Other nursing positions where cardiac-related emergencies are common, such as senior care facilities, also typically require ACLS certification. RNs and LPNs are required to be certified and familiar with ACLS protocol since they work with patients who have […]

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How to use an AED – Skills

  AED instructions. What Is an Automated External Defibrillator? An automated external defibrillator (AED) is a portable device that checks the heart rhythm and can send an electric shock to the heart to try to restore a normal rhythm. AEDs are used to treat sudden cardiac arrest (SCA). SCA is a condition in which the heart suddenly and unexpectedly stops […]

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Transcutaneous Pacing – Skills

Transcutaneous Pacing Refresher for transcutaneous pacing. Please check with your facilities policies and procedures.   What is Noninvasive Transcutaneous Pacing? NTP is the technique of electrically stimulating the heart by use of a set of pads placed externally on the torso. ECG electrodes are also placed on the patient to sense ventricular events (spontaneous or paced), and the pulse generator […]

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Cerebral Aneurysm – Pathophysiology

  Cerebral Aneurysms What is a cerebral aneurysm? A cerebral aneurysm (also known as an intracranial or intracerebral aneurysm) is a weak or thin spot on a blood vessel in the brain that balloons out and fills with blood. The bulging aneurysm can put pressure on a nerve or surrounding brain tissue. It may also leak or rupture, spilling blood […]

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Aortic Dissection

  Definition An aortic dissection is a serious condition in which the inner layer of the aorta, the large blood vessel branching off the heart, tears. Blood surges through the tear, causing the inner and middle layers of the aorta to separate (dissect). If the blood-filled channel ruptures through the outside aortic wall, aortic dissection is often fatal. Aortic dissection […]

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