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Anna C. RN-BC, BSN, PHN, CMSRN Anna began writing extra materials to help her BSN and LVN students with their studies. She takes the topics that the students are learning and expands on them to try to help with their understanding of the nursing process. She is a clinical instructor for LVN and BSN students along with a critical care transport nurse.

Peritonitis – Pathophysiology, Podcast, and Nursing Care Plan

Intestines

Peritonitis Peritonitis occurs when the membrane that lines the inner wall of the abdomen and supports and covers most of the abdominal organs becomes inflamed. Peritonitis can be caused by a fungal or bacterial infection. It can also be caused by rupture or perforation in the abdomen. Peritonitis will always …

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Gastritis – Pathophysiology, Podcast, and Nursing Care Plan

Gastrointestinal system

Gastritis Gastritis occurs when the lining of the stomach gets swollen or inflamed. This can occur suddenly, this is called  acute gastritis or if the gastritis occurs slowly, it is called chronic gastritis.  Chronic gastritis can last from weeks to years. Once the stomach lining is inflamed, the lining of …

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Peptic Ulcer Disease -Pathophysiology, Podcast, and Care Plan

Peptic Ulcer Disease

Peptic Ulcer Disease (PUD) The term Peptic ulcer disease is given when the  gastric acid in the digestive tract erodes the inner area of the small intestine, pylorus, stomach, or esophagus.  These erosions cause open sores and can become extremely painful and can even bleed. Usually, the mucus lining of the …

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Gastroesophageal reflux disease – GERD Pathophysiology, Podcast and Nursing care plan

GERD

Gastroesophageal reflux – GER Ger occurs when the gastric contents in the stomach back up into the esophagus. It is not uncommon for a person the have GER as it is fairly common. However, when GER occurs more 2x per week, a diagnosis of Gastroesophageal reflux disease may be made. …

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Pancreatitis – Pathophysiology, Podcast, and Nursing Care Plan

Pancreas

Pancreatitis Pancreatitis is defined as inflammation of the pancreas. The pancreas is a large gland behind the stomach and close to the start of the small intestine called the duodenum.  The pancreas has two functions: Release the hormones glucagon and insulin into the body via the blood stream. Glucagan and insulin …

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Diverticulitis – Pathophysiology, Podcast, and Nursing care plan

Diverticulitis

Diverticulitis In order to understand diverticulitis, we need to know what diverticulum are. Diverticulum (more than one is called diverticula), is the development in some patients as a protrusion or out-pouching of the inner lining of the intestine. They are usually characterized by a small pouch with a thin neck. …

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