Hypertension is a sustained elevation of blood pressure. Hypertension is a major contributor to cardiac disease, CVA, and renal failure. There are two types of hypertension, Primary (idiopathic, essential) or secondary. Primary is the most common.
Signs and Symptoms:
- Heart failure
- CVA or TIA
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath
- Renal failure
- Eye damage
- Blurred vision
Knowledge Deficit r/t lack of knowledge for frequent blood pressure checks, adherence to antihypertensive therapy and lifestyle changes. Client verbalizes statement of misinformation.
Client able to state correct use of prescribed medications, including adverse reactions and when to call MD for significant side effects.
Client able to state early manifestations of signs and symptoms of hypertension.
|Advise client of prescription medication actions, dosage, and side effects. Include taking all medications as prescribed.||Empowering the client with a knowledge base regarding his/her prescription medication lowers morbidity and mortality risks and can improve client outcomes.|
|Emphasize the need for a peaceful environment free from stressors.||These risk factors have been shown to contribute to hypertension and cardiovascular and renal disease.|
|Discuss the importance of a low sodium diet.||a moderate low-salt diet may be sufficient to control mild hypertension or reduce the amount of medication required.|
Other nursing diagnosis:
Ineffective tissue perfusion
Risk for decreased cardiac output