Types of blood components

Types of Blood Components:

 

Whole Blood

  • Provides all blood components, although clotting factors deteriorate if product is older than 24 hours
  • Must be ABO compatible
  • Comes in 500 mL volumes
  • Give 20 mL/kg in children

Packed Red Blood Cells

  • Elevates HGB levels by 1 g/dl and HCT by 3% per unit
  • Best blood product to rapidly elevate oxygen carrying capacity
  • Must be ABO compatible
  • Comes in 250 mL volumes
  • Give 10 mL/kg in children

 

Fresh Frozen Plasma

  • The fluid of one unit of human blood that has been frozen solid within six hours of collection to preserve clotting factors
  • Useful for hypovolemia combined with hemorrhage caused by clotting deficiencies
  • Must be ABO compatible
  • Takes 20 minutes to thaw and must be used within 6 hours of thawing

Platelets

  • Does not need to b ABO compatible
  • Used for conditions such as hemophilia , von Willebrand disease , hypofibrinogenemia and factor VIII deficiency
  • Multiple units may be ordered (one unit for every 7-10kg in children)

 

Cryoprecipitate

  • Prepared from plasma and rich in factor VIII, fibrinogen, von Willebrand factor, and factor XIII.
  • Is frequently given for bleeding disorders such as hemophilia and DIC
  • Must be ABO compatible
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Anna C. RN-BC, BSN, PHN, CMSRN Anna began writing extra materials to help her BSN and LVN students with their studies. She takes the topics that the students are learning and expands on them to try to help with their understanding of the nursing process. She is a clinical instructor for LVN and BSN students along with a critical care transport nurse.

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